Sump Pump Defined
Before you can choose the best pump to use in your basement, you first need to understand what they are. A sump pump is a kind of electric power pump that gets installed on your basement floor.
The Purpose Of A Sump Pump
A sump pump’s main purpose is eliminating any unnecessary water from an area whenever it is raining hard. This tool is critical to have in your basement during the winter season and hurricanes.
Different Kinds Of Sump Pumps
Different types of sump pumps are needed for different basements. That is why it’s so important to choose the right pump carefully that will work well. The following are seven different kinds that you can choose from for your basement.
1. Primary pumps have been designed for moving gallons of water that have flowed in from the rain to outside of your basement.
2. A submersible primary pump isn’t quiet when it is running but there is a reduction in noise level since the impeller and motor work underwater. Throughout a downpour this kind of pump works smoothly.
3. A pedestal pump has been designed to be used in a small basin that is installed within a narrow pit. The pump motor is over the pit and the base of the pump is submerged.
4. A backup with float switch can supplement a primary pump when there is an unexpected loss of power.
5. DC backup is a type of battery-powered unit. When AC power goes down it switches over to battery mode.
6. AC/DC has a primary as well as built-in back system for pumping on DC and AC power.
7. Sewage pumps get installed within a basement bathroom either within a separate pump chamber or in the septic tank. They are designed for expelling water and solid waste into a septic system.
Primary Sump Pump – Common Limitations
There are three major limitations:
Excessive Use – These pumps are made to last over five years, however they can give up easily when used too excessively. What excessively refers to is being used on a daily basis for over 24 hours of nonstop usage or used even when it isn’t necessary.
Mechanical failure – Sometimes homeowners buy equipment that basement waterproofing experts do not strongly recommend. Therefore, it breaks easily.
Power outages – When there isn’t any electricity non-battery operated pumps are unable to function.
Are there backup pumps available for purchase that use traditional batteries?
The answer is yes.
What is the difference between a backup pump with maintenance free or traditional batteries?
Traditional batteries have acid and occasionally water is added to them to keep them functioning properly. Maintenance-free batteries only need timer setting to be done.
How to choose the best sump pump to use in your basement.
Step 1: Select the pump that requires the least amount of maintenance and correct amount of horsepower (HP).
A larger sump pit is required for a higher horsepower pump. A 1/3 HP sump pump is required for an average-sized house with an average water table. The water table is the upper limit of ground area completely saturated in water.
A sump pump with 1/2 HP is needed for an average-sized house with above-average water table.
A sump pump with 3/4 HP is needed for house that are susceptible to flood due to a high water table.
If you aren’t sure what kind of water table you have, check with an expert at a local basement waterproofing company.
Step 2: Select the battery backup pump that best fits your budget and needs.
Step 3: If your basement has a functional bathroom, have a heavy-duty sewage pump system installed.
Step 4: Select a pump with a longer warranty.
Step 5: Search for one made out of cast iron, that can handle a basement’s wear and tear.
Step 1: Diagnose what your problem is.
Step 2: Dig the pit.
Step 3: Get the system installed.
Keep in mint the best thing to do is hire a professional to install your sump pump.
Contacting a basement waterproofing expert to install your sump pump.
Step 1: Research your city’s best basement waterproofing company. For instance, if you live in Chicago, just type in “basement waterproofing in Chicago” and a list of companies will be returned with their phone numbers and addresses.
Call these companies and talk to a basement waterproofing specialist.
Step 2: If you aren’t in a rush, you can email the customer service department. Ask questions like how much it will cost to waterproof the floors and walls of your basement or set a free inspection scheduled.